By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on the Cumulative Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Activities on Alaska's North Slope

This ebook identifies gathered environmental, social and financial results of oil and fuel leasing, exploration, and creation on Alaska's North Slope. financial advantages to the area were followed by way of results of the roads, infrastructure and actions of oil and gasoline construction at the terrain, vegetation, animals and peoples of the North Slope. whereas makes an attempt through the oil and regulatory companies have lowered some of the environmental results, they've got now not been eradicated. The e-book makes innovations for additional environmental examine regarding environmental results.

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Approximately 70% of NSB residents are Inupiat. 8%), and a sprinkling of other Barrow, the North Slope’s largest community, from the air. March 2003. Photograph by David Policansky. 23 ethnic groups (NSB 1999). There is a greater proportion of Inupiat in the smaller communities (Anaktuvuk Pass, 92%; Atqasuk, 95%; Kaktovik, 85%; Nuiqsut, 90%; Point Hope, 91%; Point Lay, 92%; Wainwright, 93%) than in Barrow (53%) (NSB 1999). 1% of Arctic Village’s 2000 population of 152 consisted of Alaska Natives (Gwich’in Indians).

Department of Commerce to undertake a population estimate. In 1976 and 1977 observers were placed at the seaward edge of the shore-fast ice near Point Barrow, where the passing whales came close to shore. Their data suggested a population of 600–2,000 whales (Tillman 1980). Data from 1978 and 1979 (Braham et al. 1980), which included icebased and aerial surveys, yielded an estimate of 1,783–2,865 (mean 2,264) whales (Braham et al. 1980). The numbers were so low that the IWC initially set a 1978 harvest quota of zero whales.

S. Department of Commerce to undertake a population estimate. In 1976 and 1977 observers were placed at the seaward edge of the shore-fast ice near Point Barrow, where the passing whales came close to shore. Their data suggested a population of 600–2,000 whales (Tillman 1980). Data from 1978 and 1979 (Braham et al. 1980), which included icebased and aerial surveys, yielded an estimate of 1,783–2,865 (mean 2,264) whales (Braham et al. 1980). The numbers were so low that the IWC initially set a 1978 harvest quota of zero whales.

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