By Jennie Ponsford Phd

Written by means of top specialists within the box, this important textual content situates the perform of cognitive and behavioral rehabilitation within the most recent examine from neurobiology and cognitive neuroscience. preliminary chapters evaluate present findings on neuronal damage, plasticity, and restoration. the amount subsequent examines the neurobiology of center cognitive domains--attention, reminiscence, language, visuospatial know-how, and government functioning--focusing at the approaches underpinning either fit and impaired functioning. Highlighting the sensible purposes of the learn, authors describe to be had interventions in every one area and set forth transparent options for medical perform. additionally addressed are how you can comprehend and deal with not easy behaviors, resembling aggression, which could emerge in brain-injured folks. The concluding bankruptcy presents total options for aiding humans get over the 2 commonest types of obtained neurological incapacity: irritating mind harm and stroke.

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Additional info for Cognitive and Behavioral Rehabilitation: From Neurobiology to Clinical Practice (The Science and Practice of Neuropsychology)

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This reorganization has the capacity to allow the brain to compensate for brain injury. It is the nature of this compensation that is the topic of the next chapter. REFERENCES Aguayo, A. J. (1985). Axonal regeneration from injured neurons in the adult mammalian central nervous system. In C. W. ), Synaptic plasticity (pp. 457–484). New York: Guilford Press. , & Bayer, S. (1993). : A progress report, 1962–1992. In A. C. ), Neuronal cell death and repair (pp. 203–225). New York: Elsevier. , & Benowitz, L.

Area B sends outputs that produce some form of behavior. When Area A is partially damaged, there is a change in the inputs to Area B, which leads to a an alteration in behavior. When Area A is completely destroyed, there is no input to Area B from Area A, and thus behavior is severely disrupted. 4. The principal mechanism of functional improvement after injury is compensation rather than recovery. The terms “compensation” and “recovery” are often used interchangeably, but they are decidedly different.

Annals of Neurology, 9, 484–491. Rapp, S. , Espeland, M. , Shumaker, S. , Henderson, V. , Brunner, R. , Manson, J. , et al. (2003). Effect of estrogen plus progestin on global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 289, 2663–2672. , Leasure, J. , & Kolb, B. (2000). Experience-associated structural events, subependymal cellular proliferative activity, and functional recovery after injury to the central nervous system.

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