By John J. McKetta Jr

Written by way of greater than forty international well known professionals within the box, this reference offers details on plant layout, major chemical reactions, and processing operations in business use - providing shortcut calculation equipment at any place attainable.

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Rowe (deceased) Consultant (formerly Principal Engineer, Olin Corporation), St. Louis, Missouri Louis R. Roberts L. R. , Austin, Texas D. Shore Former Senior Consultant, The M. W. Kellogg Company, Wembley, Middlesex, England Robert M. D. Senior Development Associate, Development and Control Department, Acid Division, Tennessee Eastman Company, Kingsport, Tennessee E. W. Smalley Senior Research Chemist, Syracuse Technical Center, Industrial Chemicals Division, Allied Chemical Corporation, Solvay, New York G.

As can be seen in the table, about 39% of the methanol produced is a captive intermediary for formaldehyde production. In fact, almost all the major producers of formaldehyde also produce methanol. Page 14 TABLE 8 Methanol Consumption in the United States (1973) [3]Formaldehyde39Solvent useage 8 Dimethyl terephthalate 6 Methyl halides 6 Exports12Others29 Total 100 Most methanol is produced using either a high-pressure process or a lowpressure process. Almost all the methanol produced in the United States is based on the steam-reforming of natural gas.

Urea is manufactured by the dehydration of ammonium carbamate which, in turn, is made from ammonia and carbon dioxide. Since carbon dioxide is a waste stream from the synthesis gas preparation step (steam-methane reforming) in an ammonia plant, almost all urea plants are located next to ammonia plants. The type of desired product from the fertilizer complex decides the type of urea process that is used. A "once thru" process is used when small amounts of urea are required for complexes producing an ammonium nitrate-urea solution fertilizer.

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