By S.J. Mazzullo, H.H. Rieke, G.V. Chilingarian

This moment quantity on carbonate reservoirs completes the two-volume treatise in this very important subject for petroleum engineers and geologists. jointly, the volumes shape a whole, sleek connection with the houses and creation behaviour of carbonate petroleum reservoirs.The ebook comprises necessary glossaries to geologic and petroleum engineering phrases supplying unique definitions for writers and audio system. academics will discover a worthwhile appendix dedicated to questions and difficulties that may be used for educating assignments in addition to a consultant for lecture improvement. additionally, there's a bankruptcy dedicated to middle research of carbonate rocks that is excellent for laboratory instruction.Managers and construction engineers will discover a evaluate of the most recent laboratory know-how for carbonate formation review within the bankruptcy on middle research. the fashionable type of carbonate rocks is gifted with petroleum construction functionality and total characterization utilizing seismic and good try analyses. Separate chapters are dedicated to the real obviously fractured and chalk reservoirs.Throughout the e-book, the emphasis is on formation assessment and performance.This two-volume paintings brings jointly the big variety of techniques to the examine of carbonate reservoirs and should for that reason be of price to managers, engineers, geologists and academics.

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Extra info for Carbonate Reservoir Characterization: A Geologic-Engineering Analysis, Part II

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2 21 38 35 38 * Includes gas injection. The Craig-Stiles method provides for growth of the swept zone after initial water breakthrough, reduction of the residual oil in the swept zone after water breakthrough, and liquid resaturation of initial gas space before flooding in each layer. Oil recovery in stock tank barrels, N from a given layer is equal to: N-- W E(Swr-Swi)gs-S i ]1 Bo ' (1-22) where V is the pore volume (reservoir barrels), S i s the final average fractional water saturatio~n in the swept area, Swiis the initial fractional water saturation at the start of the flood, S i is the initial fractional gas saturation at the start of the flood, Eas is the fractional areal sweep efficiency, and B ~is the oil formation volume factor (reservoir barrels/STB).

The following information focuses on the relation of k / k field-derived data and liquid saturation values for carbonate reservoirs. Some comparisons of laboratory k / k data for sandstones also are presented as reference points for the reader. The intent here is to provide data that supplement data given in Chapter 5 of this volume, which discusses the performance and classification of carbonate reservoirs. Calculation of field-derived k / k curves for solution gas-drive reservoirs can be a strong diagnostic tool for comparing solution gas-drive reservoir performance in a play.

6. 0. 6) and the origin. 45. This value is entered on Fig. 94 is read from the graph. 83 as calculated by the probabilistic method of Narr and Lerche (1984). Narr and Lerche (1984) and Aguilera (1988) considered the effect of a bed with an angle between the core axis and bedding, 0, and an angle between the core axis and fractures,/3, on calculating a vertical fracture spacing under such conditions (Fig 19). A true fracture index (/) can be calculated using the angles 0 and ,/3: /sin0cos/3 I= , (1-15) sinO +/sin/3cos/3 where I e is the apparent fracture index.

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