By George Fitzhugh, C. Vann Woodward

Cannibals All! bought extra consciousness in William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator than the other booklet within the historical past of that abolitionist magazine. And Lincoln is expounded to were extra angered by means of George Fitzhugh than by way of the other pro-slavery author, but he unconsciously paraphrased Cannibals All! in his condo Divided speech. Fitzhugh used to be provocative due to his stinging assault on unfastened society, laissez-faire economic climate, and salary slavery, besides their philosophical underpinnings. He used socialist doctrine to guard slavery and drew upon an analogous facts Marx utilized in his indictment of capitalism. Socialism, he held, was once purely "the new trendy identify for slavery," although slavery used to be way more humane and dependable, "the top and most typical kind of socialism." His premiere testimony was once supplied through the abolitionists themselves. He combed the diatribes in their pals, the reformers, transcendentalists, and utopians, opposed to the social evils of the North. "Why all this," he requested, "except that unfastened society is a failure?" the difficulty begun, based on Fitzhugh, with John Locke, "a presumptuous charlatan," and with the heresies of the Enlightenment. within the nice Lockean consensus that makes up American inspiration from Benjamin Franklin to Franklin Roosevelt, Fitzhugh for that reason sticks out as a lone dissenter who makes the traditional polarities among Jefferson and Hamilton, or Hoover and Roosevelt, appear insignificant. Beside him Taylor, Randolph, and Calhoun mix inconspicuously into the yankee consensus, all being apostles of John Locke in some extent. An highbrow culture that suffers from uniformity--even whether it is virtuous, liberal conformity--could stand just a little distinction, and George Fitzhugh can offer extra of it than the other American philosopher.

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Extra resources for Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters (The John Harvard Library)

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7S SO far as the record reveals, he never had the hardihood to reprint that, but as a philosopher he may have reflected upon it from time to time. VANN WOODWARD EDITOR'S NOTE In the interest of the modem reader, inconsistent spellings that appeared in the original edition have been regularized. In particular, proper names have been changed to correspond to current spelling, and typographical errors have been silently corrected. In cases where the rhetorical intent of the author would not be affected and readability would be increased, modem usage in punctuation has been adopted.

Such a. system of trade and exchange would equalize conditions, but would banish civilization. Yet do these men show that, by means of the taxation and oppression which capital and skill exercise over labor, the rich, the professional, the trading and skiIHuI part of society have become the masters of the laboring masses, whose condition, already intolerable, is daily becoming worse. They point out distinctly the character of the disease under which the patient is laboring, but see no way of curing the disease except by killing the patient.

Piqued and taunted for two years, by many Southern Presses of high standing, to deny the propositIon that Free Society in Western Europe is a failure, and that it betrays premonitory symptoms of failure, even in America, the North is silent, and thus tacitly admits the charge. Challenged to compare and weigh the advantages and disadvantages of our domestic slavery with their slavery of the masses to capital and skill, it is mute, and neither accepts nor declines our challenge. The comparative evils of Slave Society and of Free Society, of slavery to human Masters, and of slavery to Capital are the issues which the South now presents, and which the North avoids.

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