By Ronelle Alexander
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: A Grammar with Sociolinguistic Commentary
These are the 1st entire studying fabrics after the breakup of the previous Yugoslavia and the emergence of 3 part languages, Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. The textbook and the grammar can be utilized individually or jointly, whereas the audio fabrics are designed to complement the textbook. all the 3 goods is offered separately.
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar analyzes and clarifies the complicated, dynamic language state of affairs within the former Yugoslavia. Addressing squarely the problems hooked up with the splintering of Serbo-Croatian into part languages, this quantity presents academics and rookies with sensible recommendations and highlights the diversities one of the languages in addition to the communicative middle that all of them percentage. the 1st booklet to hide all 3 parts of the post-Yugoslav linguistic atmosphere, this reference guide features:
Thorough presentation of the grammar universal to Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian, with explication of the entire significant ameliorations
Examples from a vast diversity of spoken language and literature
New ways to accessory and clitic ordering, of the main tough issues in BCS grammar
Order of grammar presentation in chapters 1–16 keyed to corresponding classes in Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Textbook
Sociolinguistic observation explicating the cultural and political context in which Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian functionality and feature been defined
Separate indexes of the grammar and sociolinguistic statement, and of all phrases mentioned in both.
For additional information, resolution keys and comparable fabrics, see www.bcsgrammarandtextbook.org
"Well written and admirably prepared, this paintings is a milestone within the research of Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. it's the first unified description of BCS because the break-up of former Yugoslavia and contains Professor Alexander's extremely important sociolinguistic commentary."—Victor A. Friedman, collage of Chicago
Ronelle Alexander is professor of Slavic languages and literatures on the college of California, Berkeley. She is the writer of the two-volume extensive Bulgarian: A Textbook and Reference Grammar.
For additional info concerning exposure and stories touch our exposure supervisor, cellphone: (608) 263-0734, e mail: [email protected]
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Textbook
With routines and easy Grammar
Ronelle Alexander and Ellen Elias-Bursac
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Audio Supplement
To Accompany Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Textbook
Ronelle Alexander and Ellen Elias-Bursac
Of similar interest
A direction for starting and Intermediate Students
Christina E. Kramer
Macedonian Multimedia CD-ROM
To Accompany Macedonian: A direction for starting and Intermediate Students
Christina E. Kramer, Grace Fielder, Phillip Hammonds, and Liljana Mitkovska
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Extra info for Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar With Sociolinguistic Commentary
Form is made by adding -te to this same basic form. Here are these forms for the same verbs: a-conjugation e-conjugation i-conjugation 1sg. 1pl. čìtam čìtamo I read we read pišem pišemo I write we write gòvorim gòvorimo I speak we speak 2sg. 2pl. ) form that poses difficulty. In this instance, one must simply learn that a-conjugation verbs have the ending -aju, e-conjugation verbs have the ending -u, and i-conjugation verbs have the ending -e. These same verbs have the following forms: a-conjugation 3pl.
Majka dànas nè radi. Òva tajna je naša. My husband is called Radovan. His name is Vladimir. Mother isn’t working today. This secret is ours. Radovan je moj muž. Vladimir je njègovo dète. “Mama” znàči “majka”. Naša idèja je velika tajna. Radovan is my husband. Vladimir is his child. “Mom” means “mother”. Our idea is a big secret. ) expresses several meanings, among which is the idea direct object (see [22, 156a]). It is also used after a number of prepositions (for a full survey of the uses of the accusative, see ).
14b. Type pisati This verb type follows the e-conjugation. pìsati write The infinitive theme vowel is -a, preceded by a pišem pišemo consonant which shifts to a different consonant pišeš pišete in the present tense. In the verb pisati “write”, piše pišu this shift is from -s to -š; and in the verb kazati “say”, it is from -z to -ž. Most verbs of this type with a rising accent in the infinitive shift it to a falling accent in the present this group of verbs, see [52e, 65a, 153e]. For a full listing of the possible shifts, see [112c].