By Alistair Black
Books, constructions and Social Engineering a major impact at the cultural and academic lifetime of the rustic, British public libraries started to be supported via neighborhood taxation in 1850 yet their structures now signify a tricky architectural challenge for lots of groups. This e-book provides socio-architectural historical past of public library structures from 1850 to 1939.
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Extra resources for Books, Buildings and Social Engineering: Early Public Libraries in Britain from Past to Present
British library year book, 1900-1901 (1900); The libraries, museums and art galleries year book, 1910-11 (1910, and later editions); The year's work inlibrarianship (1928, and later editions). 41 For example, A souvenir presented by the [West Ham] Public Libraries and Technical Instruction Committee to f. Passmore Edwards Esq. in commemoration of his opening the West Ham Technical Institute and Library ... (1898); Descriptive handbook of the Glasgow corporation public libraries with plans and illustrations ...
In 1853, having initially been applied to England and Wales only, the Act was extended to Scotland and Ireland. The following year, legislation applying only to Scotland increased the maximum rate chargeable to one penny in the pound, and allowed expendihue on books and other printed matter. Adoption was to be by a vote taken at a public meeting of ratepayers (the requirement that a two-thirds majority of those voting be secured was retained). These improvements paved the way for similar changes in amending legislation in England and Wales in 1855, at which time the minimum population stipulation was reduced from 10,000 to 5000 and improvement boards/commissions and parish vestries, in addition to municipal boroughs, were henceforth allowed to become library authorities.
3. 4. 5. The 'Civic' Public Library: 1850-83 The 'Endowed' Public Library: 1883-1919 The 'National Network' Public Library: 1919-39 The 'Welfare State' Public Library: 1939-79 The 'Post-Modern' Public Library: after 1979 Only the first three periods, spanning 1850 to 1939, are addressed in this introductory chapter, these years being the main focus of our study. The fifth and final period - that is to say, the public library today and in the recent past- is discussed in the last chapter of the book.