By Howard Westwood, John Y Simon
Recounting the reviews of black infantrymen within the Civil battle In the 10 probing essays accumulated during this quantity, Howard C. Westwood recounts the usually sour reports of black males who have been admitted to army carrier and the wrenching difficulties linked to the moving prestige of African americans through the Civil warfare. Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen in the course of the Civil conflict covers issues starting from the jobs performed by means of Lincoln and provide in starting black soldiery to the delicate matters that arose while black infantrymen (and their white officials) have been captured by way of the Confederates. The essays relate the exploits of black heroes akin to Robert Smalls, who singlehandedly captured a accomplice steamer, in addition to the stories of the ignoble Reverend Fountain Brown, who grew to become the 1st individual charged with violating the Emancipation Proclamation. even supposing many hundreds of thousands have been enlisted as squaddies, blacks have been barred from turning into commissioned officials and for a very long time they have been paid a long way below their white opposite numbers. those and different blatant varieties of discrimination understandably provoked discontent between black troops which, in flip, sparked friction with their white commanders. Westwood's interesting account of the artillery corporation from Rhode Island amply demonstrates how frustrations between black infantrymen got here to be noticeable as "mutiny" via a few white officials.
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Indeed, at the end of August he even accompanied Grant on a trip to New Orleans to see Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Prentiss Banks. 39 Banks was in command of the department to the south of Grant's. The Vicksburg capture had caused the immediate fall of Port Hudson, bringing Grant and Banks at last into direct contact and enabling Thomas to extend his work. Their New Orleans trip, intended as a quick one, lasted two weeks because Grant suffered serious injury when his horse fell on him. Grant's Role in Black Soldiery 33 After their return to Vicksburg in mid-September, a potentially serious conHict between Thomas and Chaplain Eaton was worked out.
1880-1901; rpt. National Historical Society, Gettysburg, 1972), ser. 1, 8:370 (hereafter cited as ORA); Halleck to Alexander Asboth, ORA, ser. 1, 8:465. 4. Grant to John Cook, Grant Papers, 3:342-43; William S. Hillyer (Grant's aide-de-camp) to Leonard F. Ross, Grant Papers, 3:373-74. 5. Grant's General Order No. , Grant Papers, 4:290-91; Grant to Philip B. Fouke, Grant Papers, 4:377; Grant to William Tecumseh Sherman, Grant Papers, 4:382-83; Grant to Elihu B. Washburne, Grant Papers, 4:408-9; Grant to John A.
20 that Stanton left the matter to the discretion of the department commander, ORA, ser. 1, 15:162, 601. For Butler's organization of black regiments, see Howard C. Westwood, "Benjamin Butler's Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862," Louisiana History 26, no. 1 (1985):5-22 (reprinted herein as chapter 3). 12. James D. , A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789-1897, 10 vols. (Published by the Authority of Congress, Washington, 1896--99), 6:158. 13. Grant to Halleck, Grant Papers, 7:338-39; Grant to James B.