By Francesca Gould

This publication is basically aimed toward scholars on point 2 and three good looks remedy and complementary treatment classes and fits the QCF specification. it truly is compatible for somebody taking a qualified attractiveness, complementary or activities direction with awarding our bodies reminiscent of VTCT, ITEC, urban & Guilds, CIDESCO, and CIBTAC skills.

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Extra info for Anatomy, Physiology, & Pathology Complementary Therapists Level 2/3 3E

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Sebaceous glands 10. Arrector pili 9. Granular layer 2. Prickle cell 11. Apocrine glands 6. Basal layer 7. Blood vessels 12. Horny layer Functions of the skin FAST FACT Sensation Metabolic waste results after oxygen and nutrients have been used by cells, and include carbon dioxide, water and sodium chloride. The skin contains sensory nerve endings that send messages to the brain. These nerves respond to touch, pressure, pain, cold and heat, and allow us to recognise objects from their feel and shape.

3. Goose bumps. Contraction of the arrector pili muscle, when the body is cold, causes the hairs to stand on end, keeping a layer of warm air close to the body. This was probably of more use to our ancestors, who were generally hairier. 4. Shivering. Shivering, when cold, helps to warm the body, as the contraction of the muscles produces heat within the body. 5. Sweating. In hot conditions the rate of sweat production increases. The eccrine glands excrete sweat on to the skin surface and heat is lost as the water evaporates from the skin.

Dermatitis Contact dermatitis is a form of eczema and there are two types. Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by a substance (allergen) that stimulates an immune response in the skin. The first time this happens, the body becomes ‘sensitised’ to the allergen. However, the following time it comes into contact with it, the body ‘remembers’ the previous encounter and so a skin reaction will occur. Common allergens that cause allergic contact dermatitis include hair dye, textiles, glue and plants.

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