By F. Stuart Chapin, Mark W. Oswood, Keith van Cleve, Leslie A. Viereck, David L. Verbyla
The boreal wooded area is the northern-most forest biome, whose traditional historical past is rooted within the effect of low temperature and high-latitude. Alaska's boreal wooded area is now warming as quickly because the remainder of Earth, supplying an unparalleled examine how this cold-adapted, fire-prone woodland adjusts to alter. This quantity synthesizes present figuring out of the ecology of Alaska's boreal forests and describes their detailed positive aspects within the context of circumpolar and worldwide styles. It tells how hearth and weather contributed to the biome's present dynamics. As weather warms and permafrost (permanently frozen floor) thaws, the boreal wooded area could be at the cusp of an incredible swap in kingdom. The editors have collected a amazing set of participants to debate this quick environmental and biotic transformation. Their chapters conceal the houses of the wooded area, the adjustments it truly is present process, and the demanding situations those adjustments current to boreal woodland managers. within the first part, the reader can take in the geographic and old context for knowing the boreal woodland. The publication then delves into the dynamics of plant and animal groups inhabiting this wooded area, and the biogeochemical procedures that hyperlink those organisms. within the final part the authors discover panorama phenomena that function at better temporal and spatial scales and integrates the procedures defined in previous sections. a lot of the examine on which this ebook relies effects from the Bonanza Creek long term Ecological learn software. here's a synthesis of the massive literature on Alaska's boreal woodland that are supposed to be available to expert ecologists, scholars, and the public.
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Extra resources for Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest (The Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series)
2nd ed. S. Dept. of Agriculture Handbook No. 436. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. Swanson, D. K. 1996a. Susceptibility of permafrost soils to deep thaw after forest fires in interior Alaska, USA, and some ecological implications. Arctic and Alpine Research 28:217–227. Swanson, D. K. 1996b. Soil geomorphology on bedrock and colluvial terrain with permafrost in central Alaska, USA. Geoderma 71:157–172. , F. S. Chapin, III, C. T. Dyrness, and L. A. Viereck. 1992.
L. Ping. 1996. Properties and soil development of late-Pleistocene paleosols from Seward Peninsula, northwest Alaska. Geoderma 71:219–243. Jenny, H. 1941. Factors of Soil Formation. McGraw-Hill, New York. Krause, H. , S. Rieger, and S. A. Wilde. 1959. Soils and forest growth on different aspects in the Tanana watershed of interior Alaska. Ecology 40:492–495. Lerbekmo, J. , and F. A. Campbell. 1969. Distribution, composition, and source of the White River Ash, Yukon Territory. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 6:109–116.
Soil survey of Salcha-Big Delta area, Alaska. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. Schwertmann, U. 1993. Relations between iron oxides, soil color, and soil formation. Pages 51–69 in J. M. Bigham and E. J. Ciolkosz, editors. Soil Color. SSSA Special Publication No. 31. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI. Shaw, J. , E. C. Packee, and C. L. Ping. 2001. Growth of balsam poplar and black cottonwood in Alaska in relation to landform and soils.