By Christopher Corèdon
An curiosity within the center a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a notice or time period which isn't understood or in basic terms imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of genuine aid to common readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislation and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are often present in glossy books of heritage of the interval; equally, the perfect that means of previous English and heart English phrases may perhaps elude latest reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that figuring out the foundation and evolution of a note provides a greater knowing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use at the present time, one other relief to clarifying that means. CHRISTOPHER COREDON has additionally compiled the Dictionary of Cybernyms. Dr ANN WILLIAMS, historic advisor at the venture, was once until eventually her retirement Senior Lecturer in medieval background on the Polytechnic of North London.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Latin term for a soldier who operated a *mangonel or *trebuchet. Balister. See Arbalester Balistraria. The hole in the wall of a castle or other fortified building for a *crossbow or arbalest; they were also known as an arbalestina. – Cf. Loophole Ban. In its original Germanic use this word meant a king’s or a lord’s area of power or authority. Later, it signified a king’s power to command and prohibit under pain of punishment or death, mainly used because of a breach of the *king’s peace. Also, a royal proclamation, either of a call to arms, or a decree of outlawry; in clerical terms, *excommunication on condemnation by the Church.
Astronomy was one of the subjects of the medieval *quadrivium. Astronomy then was based upon Ptolemy of Alexandria’s *Almagest, written in the second quarter of the 2c. ) The text was translated from the Greek into Arabic in the early 9c, and from Arabic into Latin in the 12c. The Ptolemaic description of the universe was geocentric; it was argued that since all objects fall to the centre of the universe, objects that were dropped on earth would fall elsewhere than to earth if it were not the centre of the universe.
Monastic order named after St Augustine (of Hippo), one of the Fathers of the Church; the order followed the Rule of St Augustine and had two branches, *Augustinian canons and *Augustinian friars. 1106. At their peak they had more than 200 houses. – Cf. next; Patristic Augustinian canons [Austin canons]. Their full name was Canons Regular of St Augustine. They were sometimes known as Black Canons because of their black cassock. Their rule was based on care of the sick, on self-discipline, on love of God and of neighbour.